In his encyclical, Immortale Dei, Leo XIII endorsed masonic forms of government. This contradicted Papal writings going back to the fifth century as well as the Two Swords doctrine in the Gospels. It is demonstrable heresy.
> The Jesuit priest Alphonsus Messia (died 1732) is said to have devised this devotion in Lima, Peru. It was introduced to Rome around 1788 and spread around the world. In 1815, Pope Pius VII decreed a plenary indulgence to those who practise this devotion on Good Friday.[3]
 
> It may include meditation on the seven sayings of Jesus on the cross,[1] and often occurs between the Stations of the Cross at noon and the Liturgy of the Lord's Passion at 3PM, or between 6PM and 9PM.[2]
posted 3 months ago by sparrow
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> Tenebrae (Latin for "shadows" or "darkness") is a Christian religious service celebrated in the Holy Week within Western Christianity, on the evening before or early morning of Maundy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday. Tenebrae is distinctive for its gradual extinguishing of candles while a series of readings and psalms is chanted or recited.
posted 4 months ago by sparrow
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Catholic encyclopedia: https://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11535b.htm
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First Friday Devotion Prayers (www.dailycatholic.org)
posted 4 months ago by sparrow
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Additionally:
 
First Saturday Prayers (explains history of devotion):
 
http://www.dailycatholic.org/1satdevo.htm
posted 5 months ago by sparrow
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Catholic encyclopedia on Angels: https://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01476d.htm
 
Aquinas on Angels (#50-#64, #106-#114): https://www.newadvent.org/summa/1.htm
 
https://infogalactic.com/info/Christian_angelic_hierarchy
posted 5 months ago by sparrow
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This community exists to celebrate, discuss, and learn about all things regarding the Catholic Church. As the oldest Christian religion, the Catholic Church has a rich history and culture that is something to be deeply proud of. I'm very excited to begin this journey to deepen my own Catholic faith, share that faith with the world, and to learn from all of you as the Catholic Church begins a new chapter in its Christian mission.
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